Inland ports on the Danube with a connection to the North Sea and the Black Sea, railway links to the large Adriatic ports, Vienna as the interface for air freight, especially to South East and Eastern Europe, and the excellent interaction of all these modes of transport provide the ideal pre-requisites for modern business. On balance, Austria has 26 intermodal terminals which ensure the optimal combination of road, rail and waterway traffic. Four further large rail terminals located in Wolfurt, Wörgl, Wels and Vienna were expanded by 2017 at a cost of EUR 390 million.
Austria is focusing on sustainability when it comes to optimizing its transport mix. 59% of goods are transported on the country’s roads, 37% by the railways and 4% via waterway. On average, only 18% of all goods are transported by train in the EU. Austria is striving to attain a modal split of 40%. Austria ranks among the European frontrunners when it comes to investments in its railway infrastructure, which amount to EUR 258 per capita.
Fast trains for goods
On a per capita basis, Austria’s highly developed railway system, encompassing 5,651 km, is far above the EU average. In addition, 15 rail border crossings provide quick access to seven markets directly bordering on Austria: the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland and Germany.
Rail Cargo Austria operates six transshipment stations in Vienna, Wels, Villach, Wolfurt and St. Michael. Another ten transshipment stations such as the Container-Terminal Salzburg are operated by private companies. The National Intermodal Network Austria (NINA) of Rail Cargo Austria links the busiest terminals in Austria with each other through its Wels hub. Thus, NINA ensures that the terminals in Bludenz, Enns, Graz, Hall, Kapfenberg, Krems, Linz, Salzburg, St. Michael, Villach, Wels, Vienna and Wolfurt are linked..
The Graz-Werndorf Freight Terminal assumes the role of a distribution center for the South East European region. International transport companies can make use of more than 130,000 m² of warehousing space. About 350 trucks and a total of 10-12 trains transporting more than 3,500 tons of freight are dispatched every day.
Air logistics in the heart of Europe
Vienna Airport is the leading East-West interface in European air traffic, offering a route network with flights to 37 destinations in 23 Central and Eastern European countries, and 537 departures to the region each week. Vienna Airport is the ideal cargo partner in the heart of Europe for many companies, with 240 global destinations and 2,500 scheduled flights per week. All in all, six international airports operate in Austria.
Many freight shippers and logistics groups are currently capitalizing on the facilities available at VIE. A highly advanced Air Cargo Center (ACC) offers perfect infrastructure to companies leasing space there. The value of locating around VIE is growing increasing thanks to its growing traffic, potential synergies with the companies already in the immediate area and its close proximity to the Danube port Albaner Hafen. In an international comparison, Vienna Airport offers relatively favorable terms and conditions for renting offices and warehouse space.
Austrian port facilities
Strategically located along the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal, the most direct route between the North and Black Seas, Austria offers four ports in Vienna, Linz, Enns and Krems. The total cargo handled by Austria’s harbour facilities along the Danube amounted to 11 billion tons in 2013. On the basis of investments totalling to EUR 95 million, the Port of Vienna is emerging as one of the most efficient hubs for the handling of goods in Central and South Eastern Europe by 2015. A total of 120 companies operate at the Port of Vienna Logistics Center. The Port of Vienna has achieved rapid growth transshipping 400,000 containers annually. Two container trains travel from Vienna to Koper each day thanks to the Port of Vienna’s partnership with the “Luka Koper” harbor in Slovenia on the Mediterranean Sea, cutting seven days off freight transports to the Far East.
The federal province of Carinthia is the logistics interface in the Alpine-Adriatic region. A cooperation agreement with the so-called NAPA harbors, including Venice, Triest, Ravenna, Koper and Rijeka, links the Baltic-Adriatic Axis. The southern ports serve as a gateway to the Middle and Far East, and reduce the transport distance by about 3,700 kilometers compared to the northern ports. The federal province of Carinthia offers the perfect infrastructure to optimally process the increased demand for goods to be shipped to Asian markets. The logistics center ALPLOG Carinthia at Fürnitz near Villach aims at implementing a dry port concept. This serves as an inland transport hub, bundling transport flows to and from Adriatic ports.